community health care: therapeutic opportunities in the human microbiom
justin l. sonnenburg/deparment of microbiology and immunology, stanford university shool of medicine, stanford, CA 94305, USA
and michael a. fischbach/ deparment of bioengineering and therapeutic sciences and california institute for quantitative biosciences, university of california, san franciasco, san franciasco, CA 94158, USA.
We are never alone. Humans coexist with diverse microbial species that live within and upon us—our so-called microbiota. It is now clear that this microbial community is essentially another organ that plays a fundamental role in human physiology and disease. Basic and translational research efforts have begun to focus on deciphering mechanisms of microbiome function—and learning how to manipulate it to benefit human health. In this Perspective, we discuss therapeutic opportunities in the human microbiome.
Copyright © 2011, American Association for the Advancement of Science